Air National Guard fighter wing preps for alert missions at Tyndall

An F-16 from the 179th Fighter Squadron, a subordinate unit of the 148th Fighter Wing out of Duluth, Minn., flies a mission over the Gulf of Mexico Jan. 27. The 148th FW is working with the 53rd Weapons Evaluation Group at Tyndall Air Force Base, Fla., for two weeks to train for their Air Sovereignty Alert missions and to validate their new Block 50 F-16s. (U.S. Air Force photo by 1st Lt. Christopher Hoskins)

An F-16 from the 179th Fighter Squadron, a subordinate unit of the 148th Fighter Wing out of Duluth, Minn., flies a mission over the Gulf of Mexico Jan. 27. The 148th FW is working with the 53rd Weapons Evaluation Group at Tyndall Air Force Base, Fla., for two weeks to train for their Air Sovereignty Alert missions and to validate their new Block 50 F-16s. (U.S. Air Force photo by 1st Lt. Christopher Hoskins)

Maintainers from the 179th Fighter Squadron, a subordinate unit of the 148th Fighter Wing out of Duluth, Minn., review technical data prior to preparing an aircrew for a mission at Tyndall Air Force Base, Fla., Jan. 27. The 148th FW is working with the 53rd Weapons Evaluation Group at Tyndall AFB for two weeks to train for their Air Sovereignty Alert missions and to validate their new Block 50 F-16s. (U.S. Air Force photo by Tech. Sgt. John Hoffmann)

Maintainers from the 179th Fighter Squadron, a subordinate unit of the 148th Fighter Wing out of Duluth, Minn., review technical data prior to preparing an aircrew for a mission at Tyndall Air Force Base, Fla., Jan. 27. The 148th FW is working with the 53rd Weapons Evaluation Group at Tyndall AFB for two weeks to train for their Air Sovereignty Alert missions and to validate their new Block 50 F-16s. (U.S. Air Force photo by Tech. Sgt. John Hoffmann)

Maintainers from the 179th Fighter Squadron, a subordinate unit of the 148th Fighter Wing out of Duluth, Minn., prepare to launch F-16s for a mission at Tyndall Air Force Base, Fla., Jan. 27. The 148th FW is working with the 53rd Weapons Evaluation Group at Tyndall AFB for two weeks to train for their Air Sovereignty Alert missions and to validate their new Block 50 F-16s. (U.S. Air Force photo by Tech. Sgt. John Hoffmann)

Maintainers from the 179th Fighter Squadron, a subordinate unit of the 148th Fighter Wing out of Duluth, Minn., prepare to launch F-16s for a mission at Tyndall Air Force Base, Fla., Jan. 27. The 148th FW is working with the 53rd Weapons Evaluation Group at Tyndall AFB for two weeks to train for their Air Sovereignty Alert missions and to validate their new Block 50 F-16s. (U.S. Air Force photo by Tech. Sgt. John Hoffmann)

TYNDALL AIR FORCE BASE, Fla. --
Shooting down enemy aircraft over American soil is an event U.S.-based alert pilots train for.

They run exercise scenarios on a constant basis, preparing for that call
to scramble. But all the dry runs in the world can't prepare a pilot for that
moment when a live missile is released from the jet.

That's why the 148th Fighter Wing out of Duluth, Minn., is spending two
weeks here working with the 53rd Weapons Evaluation Group.

"We came here to shoot missiles and drop live ordnance to be better
prepared for our Air Sovereignty Alert mission," said Lt. Col. Reed
Bowman, 148th FW Block 50 conversion officer. "We also came to the
WEG to validate our new weapons system."

The 148th FW, which supports the Continental U.S. NORAD Region in carrying
out Operation Noble Eagle - the command's response to the terrorist attacks
on Sept. 11, 2001 - is currently in the process of replacing its Block 25
F-16s with better equipped Block 50 F-16s that have different engines and
internal avionics. The upgraded airframe will enhance the wing's ability to
support ASA missions.

The 53rd WEG, a detachment of the 53rd Wing at Eglin Air Force Base, Fla.,
provides the Duluth pilots an opportunity that doesn't come around too
often.

"The last time we were here and had the opportunity to shoot live missiles
was 2000," Colonel Bowman said.


During their two-week stay, the 148th FW will run scenarios and missions
created by the WEG, who evaluates the fighter wing on their tactics,
techniques and procedures from the ground up.

"They evaluate man, missile and machine," said Lt. Col. Glen Jaffray, a
flight commander with the 179th Fighter Squadron, a subordinate unit of the
148th FW. "They look at the entire process - the maintainers' ability to
load the munitions, the pilots' ability to employ the munitions and the
jets' performance while firing the munitions."

When tasked with a mission that calls for deadly force, but rarely requires
it, training like what the WEG provides is invaluable.

"The training we receive here gives us confidence in our jets' ability to
perform," Colonel Bowman said. "When we shoot the live ordnance, we know our
weapons system performs as advertised. Without the live ordnance, it's like
a placebo effect."

That's an important advantage in a wing where nearly half of the pilots have
never had the chance to fly a real-world alert mission.

While this deployment is an important step in the conversion to the new
Block 50 F-16s, it's not the first training the pilots and maintainers have
completed since they received their first new jets in April 2010.

"The internal architecture of the Block 50 is completely different from the
Block 25," Colonel Bowman said. "It's a significantly different mission and
skill set."

The wing's pilots attended a month-long course at Luke AFB, Ariz., while the
maintainers and avionics technicians had their own training to attend to
become familiarized with the new jet.

The complete conversion process takes approximately two years. But for now,
the 148th FW is focused on their mission here.

"We are very happy to be here. The WEG provides us full service support and
completely absorbs us into their construct," Colonel Bowman said. "They are
very good at what they do."

The WEG is happy to oblige.

"We're thrilled to have the 148th flying with us," said Lt. Col. Matthew
Barker, 53rd WEG deputy commander. " When you take the camaraderie they
bring to the fight and add in the confidence that comes from the rigorous
weapons evaluations they're only able to do at Combat Archer (air-to-air)
and Combat Hammer (air-to-ground), the result is increased combat
effectiveness for their critical homeland defense mission or their next
contingency deployment."